The increasing focus on renewable and energy security means there is likely to be high demand for skilled new starters in this sector.

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Also take a look at our career sectors for Engineering and Science.

Jobs and salaries

The energy industry includes jobs in such sectors as renewables, energy efficiency in buildings, energy policy, power generation, oil & gas, nuclear, fuels for use in transport. For more information about jobs in the energy industry please explore the Job Search pages, selecting ‘energy and mining’ from the drop-down list, as well as exploring the Energy Institute's jobs website

Read more information about the energy industry from The Energy Institute.

Explore the possibilities of a career in mining.

Get an idea about roles within the nuclear industry.

Find out what the quarrying industry is like. 

  • Salaries in this sector tend to be high. Find out about salaries and benefits [pdf, 331kb] in the energy profession.

Routes and qualifications

There are many training opportunities available within the energy profession.  The Energy Institute offers details on courses aimed at professionals, young professionals and school pupils. For information, check out the website on careers in the energy industry.

The Institute of Quarrying provides information on approved qualifications and training within the quarrying profession.

Find out which university courses will set you up for a career in the nuclear industry.

The Cambourne School of Mines also offers courses on mining and other related fields, including geology, minerals processing and applied geotechnics.

Funding and support

Individual establishments may offer their own scholarships or help with funding. Check out the pages on student finance from, and/or contact the funding or careers departments of the organisations you are considering training with.

What's it really like working in this sector?

Take a look at our selection of career videos from those working in the energy and mining sector.

These job profiles will give you a better idea of some of the jobs in the energy industry.

How many jobs are there in is this sector? 

  • The sector itself is massive and is fragmented into a number of specialist industries which vary in size from the very large (e.g. oil and gas) to other much smaller (e.g. coal).
  • Currently there are over 6000 companies involved in the refining, marketing and distributing of Oil and Gas in the UK. These companies provide employment for around 350,000 people.
  • The nuclear industry employs around 50,000 people in the UK and there is a need to recruit a further 9,000 graduates over the next decade to maintain existing operations.
  • The Coal industry employs around 5,600 people the majority of whom work in England.

Location, location, location

  • UK oil comes mainly from the North Sea and off the coasts of Aberdeen, Suffolk, Norfolk, Liverpool and Morecambe Bay. There are opportunities to work overseas as the UK is acknowledged for expertise in the area of deep-water technology and specialists are in demand all over the world. Oil exploration takes place in many other remote areas of the globe and most oil and gas companies are global businesses.
  • Otherwise jobs are mostly based in regional offices or on-site at power stations.

Will a career in this sector suit me?

  • There is a constant demand for high-quality graduate applicants across the industries for the foreseeable future. A wide range of technical, commercial and support opportunities are available. Most employers have comprehensive graduate recruitment web pages containing a wealth of information about graduate opportunities. Employers visit universities to give presentations and attend careers fairs.
  • Flexibility and adaptability are essential, in addition to high levels of mathematical, scientific and technological skills. Health and safety awareness is desirable, although training is normally provided. This may be developed during work experience placements.
  • Employers look for graduates who can manage technical challenges and work well in teams. Candidates need to demonstrate strong verbal and written communication, presentation skills, IT skills, analytical and problem solving skills. These skills can be developed throughout your studies and extracurricular activities.